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I
Lecture I (5)
Lecture II (10)
Ch. 11 (8)

Election of 1824

Define: The popular Andrew Jackson lost b/c he didn't get a majority in the electoral college & the "corrupt bargain"

Significance: He won in 1828 b/c men without property were allowed to vote.

Second Great Awakening

Define: a religious revival with an egalitarian message

Significance: it led to calls for temperance, public education & abolitionism

Abolitionism

Define: a movement to ban slavery.

Significance: It was aided by the SGA.

Seneca Falls Convention

Define: A meeting to discuss female equality with men.

Significance:The movement eventually focused on the right to vote.

Temperance Movement

Define: A movement to ban alcohol (SGA)

Significance: It was part of the reform movement coming out of the SGA.

 

Elastic Clause

Define: Congress has the power to do anything necessary to carry out its enumerated (written) powers.

Significance: It expands the power of the national government.

Tariffs

Define: a tax on imported goods to raise money and to help domestic industries.

Significance: It helped the North and hurt the South.

Marshall Court

Define: The federal court under Chief Justice John Marshall

Significance: it expanded the power of the federal government

Indian Removal Act

Define: A law passed in 1830 to clear Indians from east of the Mississippi

Significance: many Indian nations were removed with force (Cherokee Trail of Tears)

Manifest Destiny

Define: a belief in the “obvious fate” that the US would spread its ideals and expand westward

Significance: it led to a treaty with Britain, a war with Mexico & a fight over the expansion of slavery

Compromise of 1850

Define: CA would be a free state & the Fugitive Slave Law

Significance: it led to more friction b/t the North & the South

Fugitive Slave Law

Define: it demanded the return of runaway slaves

Significance: the North resented having to help slavery

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Define: Each territory could decide whether it would be a free or a slave state

Significance: it led to a fight over the slave issue (Bleeding Kansas)

Dred Scott Decision

Define: Scott couldn’t go free even if his master brought him to a free state

Significance: it said that he wasn’t a citizen & Congress couldn’t ban slavery in territories

John Brown’s Raid

Define: Brown attempted to get weapons from an armory for a slave rebellion

Significance: he was executed despite his popularity in the North (the South was horrified)

13th Amendment


Define: it outlawed slavery

Significance: the south tried to get around with “black code” such as mandatory contracts

Freedmen’s Bureau


Define: set up to assist freed slaves & poor whites (food, ed., etc.)

Significance: ineffective b/c it did not give land to freed slaves

Black Codes


Define: codes of laws in the South to govern the freed slaves

Significance: it reduced the mov’t of blacks, kept them poor & out of schools

14th Amendment


Define: all citizens have equal protection or due process  of laws

Significance: reversed the Dred Scott decision and ended black codes

15th Amendment


Define: banned race discrimination for voting

Significance: ignored in the South through violence (KKK) & Jim Crow Laws

Ku Klux Klan


Define: a white supremacists group that lynched, burned schools for blacks, etc.

Significance: the terror kept blacks from gaining equality

Jim Crow Laws


Define: laws to promote segregation & prevent blacks from voting (e.g. grandfather clause)

Significance: segregation was protected under the Plessy case

Plessy v. Ferguson


Define: a Supreme Court case over segregation

Significance: segregation was allowed: “separate but equal”

Here is an example of a note card.