AMERICAN
HISTORY
 
AP HUMAN
GEOGRAPHY
ACADEMIC
DECATHLON
 
SYLLABUS
I
ASSIGNMENTS,
NOTES & REVIEWS
I
THE WEB
I
COMMUNITY
SERVICE
I
WRITING PAGE
I
HOMEWORK
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

I

Unit XV Terms

Ch. 51 (4)
Ch. 52 (4)
Ch. 53 (5)

First Indochina War

Define: The war between the French and the Viet Minh

Significance: The US backed the French to prevent the spread of communism

Geneva Accords

Define: The French agreed to leave Vietnam & there would be an election to decide who runs Vietnam

Significance:  The South Vietnamese (our allies) canceled the election b/c they knew they would lose

Viet Cong

Define: pro Ho Chi Minh fighters in South Vietnam

Significance:  they fought against our allies (and later the US)

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

Define:  Congress gave power to LBJ to fight the North Vietnamese to defend our presence there

Significance:  LBJ used the power to start the “war”

 

North Vietnamese Army (NVA)

Define:the official army of North Vietnam

Significance: it supported the Viet Cong with supplies and troops

War of Attrition

Define: the US strategy to wear down the Viet Cong’s strength and will to fight

Significance:  it failed b/c they gained more new troops faster than we could kill them

Credibility Gap

Define: The difference b/t how well we were doing in the war and what LBJ was telling us

Significance:  Many Americans stopped trusting the government

Tet Offensive

Define: an large attack by the Viet Cong—they lost the battle but they showed that they weren’t giving up

Significance:  Many Americans started to oppose the war b/c it was clear they were not going to give up

 

Vietnamization

Define: The US started to withdraw troops from Vietnam

Significance: more of the fighting was handed over to the South Vietnamese troops

My Lai Massacre

Define: The US soldiers massacred 500 innocent Vietnamese civilians

Significance:  It led to many Americans to see our presence in Vietnam as morally wrong

Kent State Shootings

Define: The shooting at unarmed anti-war protesters as a college (4 died)

Significance:  A second shooting at Jackson State also led to more Americans to see the war as wrong

Pentagon Papers

Define: proof that the US was lying to the American people about how we were doing in the war

Significance: Nixon tried to stop the NY Times from publishing it but lost the court case

War Powers Resolution

Define: Congress made it clear that it had to give permission to the President to continue to use military force

Significance: it reduced the power of the president to get the US into war without congressional approval

Here is an example of a note card.