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Unit XIV Terms

Ch. 48 (4)
Ch. 49 (5)
Ch. 50 (5)

Bay of Pigs Fiasco

Define: the failed CIA and Cuban exiles attempt to remove communist dictator Fidel Castro from Cuba

Significance: it led Cuba to move closer to the USSR and start building a nuclear missile pad

Cuban Missile Crisis

Define: Kennedy quarantined Cuba and almost went to war with the USSR after finding that the USSR was helping Cuba build a nuclear launch site

Significance:  it led to the creation of a hotline and the nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Peace Corps

Define: Kennedy’s program which sent Americans to developing nations to raise their living standards

Significance:  It was designed to help contain communism

New Frontier

Define: Kennedy’s goals as president: expand opportunity, promote equality, guarantee civil rights, and protect liberty & democracy

Significance:  Kennedy had trouble getting Congress to pass his laws

 

Great Society

Define: LBJ’s goals as president: end poverty and racial injustice

Significance: it called for a large amount of government involvement

War on Poverty

Define: a collection of LBJ’s anti-poverty programs: Economic Opportunity Act, VISTA, HUD, Job Corps & Head Start

Significance:  Unlike Kennedy, LBJ used the “treatment” to get them passed

Medicare & Medicaid

Define: Medicare gave health insurance to the elderly and Medicaid gave insurance to those with low-income

Significance:  increased the number of Americans with health insurance

Immigration Act of 1965

Define: it ended the strict immigration quotas set in the 1920s (now based on skills & family ties)

Significance:  it shifted away from western European immigration to immigration from Latin America and Asia

Warren Court

Define: Earl Warren's Supreme Court became an “activist” court by breaking from past tradition

Significance:it reformed the criminal justice system (Miranda Rights), created equal apportionment & banned gov't sponsored religion

Counterculture

Define: a group of ideas and behaviors that differed from the mainstream

Significance: the hippies sought freedom of expression and rejected the “Establishment”

New Left

Define: it fought to reform America by making it more democratic and just, though rejected the communist beliefs of the “old left”

Significance:  it is associated with the Free Speech Movement, civil rights and the Anti-war Movement

Sexual Revolution

Define: the new openness about sexual behavior (a bi-product of the recent availability of the pill)

Significance:  divorce, single-parent households and teen pregnancy skyrocketed

Woodstock

Define: the 1969 music festival with many of the most popular Rock ‘n’ Roll bands

Significance:  it is a symbol of the counterculture’s focus on freedom of expression (psychedelic music & drug use)

Free Speech Movement

Define: it called for freedom of expression through non-violent protests on campuses throughout the country (it began in 1964 on the Berkeley campus)

Significance:many of the protests were about civil rights or the war in Vietnam

Here is an example of a note card.