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I
Unit XI Terms
I
Ch. 38 (7)
Ch. 39 (7)
Ch. 40 (6)

Cold War

Define: a “war” between the US (democracy) & the USSR (communism)

Significance: they didn’t directly fight each other

Yalta and Potsdam

Define: meetings during WWII among the allies over post-war issues

Significance: The USSR got a buffer zone (Eastern Europe) & Germany was divided up

UN Atomic Energy Commission

Define: the Baruch plan wanted to ban all countries from developing nukes

Significance: USSR said no because it would’ve left the US as the only nuclear power

Iron Curtain

Define: it symbolized the barrier between western Europe and Eastern Europe

Significance:the USSR controlled eastern Europe

Truman Doctrine

Define: US policy to spend as much money as needed to contain communism

Significance: it helped keep communism from spreading to Greece & Turkey

Marshall Plan

Define: US lent money to war-torn countries to rebuild their countries (and to promote democracy)

Significance: USSR rejected the help and created the Molotov Plan

Molotov Plan

Define: Russia’s plan to economically help eastern Europe

Significance: it was Russia’s version of the Marshall Plan

 

 

Berlin Blockade

Define: a failed attempt by the USSR to force the West to give up West Berlin by blocking our access to it

Significance: The West responded with the Berlin Airlift

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Define: a military alliance used by the West for collective security

Significance: It led the USSR to create the Warsaw Pact alliance

Warsaw Pact

Define: a military alliance between eastern Europe and Russia

Significance: NATO & the Warsaw Pact divided Europe in two

Korean War

Define: the US joined South Korea against the Communist North

Significance: it ended in a stalemate at the 38th parallel

Third World

Define: poor developing nations in Latin America, Africa & Asia

Significance: the US & the USSR fought to gain them as allies

H-Bomb

Define: the Hydrogen Bomb was much more powerful than the earlier Atom Bombs

Significance: it fueled the arms race between the US & the USSR

Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD)

Define: either side would respond to a nuclear attack with their own nukes

Significance: it prevented the Cold War from turning hot 

 

HUAC

Define: The Committee that investigated communists in the movie business, army etc.

Significance:  blacklisted communists & sympathizers

McCarthyism

Define: The practice of publicly accusing people of subversive activities without evidence to back up the charges

Significance:  Many people were falsely accused

Alger Hiss

Define: Worked in the government and was tried for giving information to the USSR

Significance:  People feared that communists infiltrated the government

The Hollywood Ten

Define: writers and directors who were accused of being communist  by HUAC

Significance:  blacklisted b/c  they refused to name names

The Rosenbergs

Define: Tried and executed for giving atomic secrets to the USSR

Significance: Led people to fear that communists were everywhere

Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA)

Define: Set up to prepare civilians for nuclear war

Significance: promoted duck & cover drills &  bomb shelters